An important new federal law went into effect January 1, 2020 called the SECURE Act (Setting Every Community Up For Retirement Enhancement). This law will change retirement savings and estate planning options for many people. Here are a few of the changes this act puts into place that may have the greatest impact on you and your estate plan.
The SECURE Act raises the age at which individuals must begin taking required minimum distributions from their IRA, 401K, 403B, and other qualified funds from age 70 ½ up to age 72 (an exception being if you turned 70 ½ prior to Dec. 31, 2019, in which case the new rule does not apply to you and you will need to start taking distributions by April 2020 or face penalties). The new law also does away with the 70 ½ age cap on contributing to an IRA. Now you can contribute income to an IRA no matter your age.
The most significant impact the SECURE Act has on estate planning concerns the IRA Stretchout. Before this act, individuals who did not need their IRA money could pass the IRA to non-spouse beneficiaries who could then “stretch out” withdrawals based on their life expectancies. Clients could use this to create a lifetime income stream for their children. However, this can no longer be done under the new law. Instead, non-spouse beneficiaries have to withdraw all funds from an inherited qualified plan within 10 years of the death of the original owner (although there are a few exceptions, such as if the non-spouse beneficiary is disabled.) There doesn’t need to be a set withdrawal schedule – the account just has to be depleted within 10 years. Those most impacted by the income tax consequences will be non-spouse beneficiaries in their peak earning years.